|1. The term “gold” is the from the Proto-Indo-European base *ghel / *ghol meaning “yellow,” “green,” or possibly “bright.”|
2. Gold is so rare that the world pours more steel in an hour than it has poured gold since the beginning of recorded history.
3. Gold has been discovered on every continent on earth.
4. Gold melts at 1064.43° Centigrade. It can conduct both heat and electricity and it never rusts.
5. Due to its high value, most gold discovered throughout history is still in circulation. However, it is thought that 80% of the world’s gold is still in the ground.
6. Seventy-five percent of all gold in circulation has been extracted since 1910.
7. Gold is so pliable that it can be made into sewing thread. An ounce of gold can be stretched over 50 miles.
8. Gold is chemically inert, which also explains why it never rusts and does not cause skin irritation.
9. One cubic foot of gold weighs half a ton.
10. The Olympic gold medals awarded in 1912 were made entirely from gold. Currently, the gold medals are coated with six grams of gold.
11. The Incas thought gold represented the glory of their sun god and referred to the precious metal as “tears of the Sun.”
12. Around 1200 B.C., the Egyptians used unshorn sheepskin to mine for gold dust from the sands of the Black Sea. This practice is most likely the inspiration for the “Golden Fleece."
13. In ancient Egypt, gold was considered the skin or flesh of the gods, particularly the Egyptian sun god Ra.
14. There are more than 400 references to gold in the Bible.
15. The chemical symbol for gold is AU, from the Latin word aurum meaning “shining dawn” and from Aurora, the Roman goddess of the dawn. In 50 B.C., Romans began issuing gold coins called the Aureus and the smaller solidus.
16. Between A.D. 307 and 324, the worth of one pound of gold in Rome rose from 100,000 denarii (a Roman coin) to 300,000 denarii. By the middle of the fourth century, a pound of gold was worth 2,120,000,000 denarii—an early example of runaway inflation, which was partly responsible for the collapse of the Roman Empire.