Friday, March 20, 2015

Thracian tomb reveals Gold treasure

In late 2012 Bulgarian archaeologists found golden treasures in an ancient Thracian tomb near a Unesco world heritage site about 250 miles north-east of the capital Sofia.

Items included gold bracelets with snake heads, a tiara with animal motifs and a horse-head piece along with a hoard of other ancient golden artefacts. The items date to the end of the fourth or the beginning of the third century BC. They were found in the biggest of 150 ancient tombs of the Getae, a Thracian tribe.

Among the objects found were a golden laurel and ring, rhytons - silver drinking vessels shaped like horns, Greek pottery and military items including weapons and armour.

The tomb in Zlatinitsa, 180 miles east of the capital Sofia, is also extraordinary in that it remained unopened since the 4th century BC.

Most Thracians tombs were looted in antiquity.

The tomb was of an upper-class lord or similarly powerful and wealthy leader. "The used weapons and the arrow wounds in the bones of his horse indicated that he was a warrior. He was buried in the biggest burial mound in the region," said Prof Agre. "This was like a province of England, such as Kent, and he was the leader.

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

CUU insider selling ...

Yes of course and thanks to the usually useless Mark Turner at for creating the file.

Mr Turner feels the story/excuse here will be all about tax considerations, and we can pretty well make book there will half a dozen, remarkably similar posters on Agoracom spewing that rubbish as gospel truth to each other ... assuming that the topic is allowed into the Agorascam public fraud sphere at all that is.

Insiders know the score, of course a horse. (We may be able to exclude the dead dopey, 56% Copper Fox Metals owner Earnesto Enchavarria from that conclusion)

Monday, March 16, 2015

Mussolini's girlfriend's Alfa Romeo

Italian dictator Benito Mussolini gave an Alfa Romeo to his mistress Clara Petacci as a gift. The pair met at Lake Como and planned to seek asylum in Switzerland.

A motorcade they were in, which included a retreating German anti-aircraft unit, was stopped at a roadblock near the town of Dongo on April 27, 1945. The fascist leader and his mistress were both identified before being shot dead and their bodies hung upside down at a petrol station. Petacci’s Alfa Romeo was confiscated and eventually acquired by an American Army Air Corps officer, Major Charles Pettit.
The vehicle was given a new lease of life in 1970 when it was purchased by Ron Keno of Mohawk, New York for $300. The antiques dealer was eventually put in touch with Franz Spogler, a former Nazi whose job it had been to drive Petacci and Mussolini towards the end of the war.

Correspondence between the pair convinced Keno that he had ownership of the historic car.
In late 1978 the partially restored Alfa Romeo was sold by Keno to collector Donnie Morton, of Connecticut, who ultimately passed it to the Imperial Palace Auto Collection. Staff restored and displayed it as part of their holdings of rare automobiles for the next two decades, until it was sold to another long-term owner in 1999.
A no-expenses-spared restoration with Garage Bonfanti followed. The work, which went so far as to recreate replicas of the original dashboard switchgear, reportedly took two years and cost a staggering €500,000 (roughly $625,000 in 2004).
The 1939 Alfa Romeo 6C2500 achieved a high bid of €1.8 million ($2.1 million), but failed to meet its reserve price.

Saturday, March 14, 2015

Earth's biggest gold deposit formed by ancient microbes?

Gold was discovered in South Africa's Witwatersrand Basin in 1886, and since then, around half of all gold mined throughout the world has originated from that source. Geologists know that the gold reached the Earth's surface by coming up with lava that formed the Kaapvaal Craton mountain range.

However, the Kaapvaal Craton is located in the Limpopo Province in north-east South Africa. How did the gold move several hundred kilometres from there to get to the Witwatersrand basin in Gauteng?
Three billion years ago, the atmosphere contained almost no oxygen and the air consisted primarily of gases containing sulphur. Gases like hydrogen sulphide were pumped out of volcaneos, rising to form clouds that then fell as acid rain on the mountains.

In a new study published in Nature Geoscience entitled, "Witwatersrand gold deposits formed by volcanic rain, anoxic rivers and Archaean life", Christoph Heinrich, a professor of Economic Geology, argues that the gold didn't just get moved by the rivers – it was first dissolved chemically in volcanic rain. Heinrich's theory is that the gold would have formed soluble complexes with the sulphur, which were then absorbed by water, before finally being separated by primitive microbes to form the gold.
The new theory may explain why there's a string of gold beds in the Witwatersrand basin that collectively make up 40 percent of all of the gold that has ever been, or ever will be, dug out of the ground.
Gold is a rare element in the universe that forms only in the hearts of supernovae. The precious metal has been part of Earth since its birth 4.6 billion years ago, and while most of the Earth's gold is locked deep within the planet's core, the rest is largely dispersed throughout rocks at incredibly tiny concentrations of about one part gold per billion.

Occasionally, a physical phenomenon causes the gold to become enriched in certain layers of rock. In the case of the Witwatersrand formation, up to 1 percent of the carbon-rich layers is made up of gold.

See ----->

Thursday, March 12, 2015

The Batmobile

The Batmobile is the automobile of DC Comics superhero Batman. The car has evolved along with the character from comic books to television and films reflecting evolving car technologies. Kept in the Batcave accessed through a hidden entrance, the gadget-laden car is used by Batman in his crime-fighting activities.

The Batmobile made its first appearance in Detective Comics #27 (May, 1939).
Batman drove high-performance cars since his debut, but the term "Batmobile" didn't appear until 1941's Detective Comics #48. The car was a bright red convertible. It sported a supercharged engine capable of tremendous speeds and a heavily reinforced nose capable of smashing through buildings without suffering damage.

The design was based on the Cord 812, a revolutionary design that featured America's first front-wheel drive with independent front suspension, a 185HP V8, a semi-automatic transmission with overdrive, retractable headlights, variable-speed wipers, and a sleek, low-slung body.
The first live action Batman film was a serial produced by Columbia in 1943. These were low-budget affairs that were run once a week, featuring "cliffhanger" type endings to draw audiences back for the next installment. Lacking the funding of later Batman projects, the "Batmobile" was simply a factory-stock automobile.

For the 1943 serial, a 1939 Cadillac was used as both the Batmobile and as Bruce Wayne's personal car. Generally the position of the convertible top signified which the role it was playing: "top up" mean "Batmobile," while "top down" meant "Bruce Wayne's car."
In late summer of 1965, an all-new Batman TV series was gearing up. George Barris decided to use the Ford Motor Company's abandoned Futura concept car as a basis for what would go on to become one of the most famous cars in the world.

The Futura worked perfectly as a Batmobile, as it had many "bat" features built into the design already, such as the long fins and bubble canopies. Three replicas were eventually built by Barris' shop for promotional and exhibition purposes.
The sale of the #1 Barris-built Batmobile at the Barrett-Jackson car show and auction was held in Scottsdale, Arizona. The vehicle fetched $4.2 million on January 19, 2013.
In the summer of 1989, Batman came to the big screen for the first time since 1966. Warner Brothers had Tim Burton bring his unique style to the movie, and Anton Furst was hired as production designer for Gotham City and the Batmobile. To build the car, the production team spliced together two Impala chassis, and the car was powered by a Chevy V8.
The third Warner Brothers Batman movie was released in 1995; Batman Forever. Joel Schumacher was the new director, and created a very different film from his predecessor. One of the changes was a new Batmobile, designed by Barbara Ling.

Despite its many defenses, the life of this Batmobile was relatively short. It was destroyed partway through Batman Forever when the Riddler deposited a sack full of explosives in the cockpit.
After an eight year hiatus, Batman returned to the big screen for Batman Begins in 2005. Among the new ideas to appear in this movie was an all-new Batmobile, designed by Crowley & Nolan. Their focus was to make the Batmobile as real as possible: at 9 feet wide and 15 feet long, the car weighed in at 2.5 tons but was still capable of 0-60MPH in under six seconds with a top speed of 110MPH.